Zero Waste Baking

11 Tips for Zero Waste Baking

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Baking was always very much an eco-friendly, sustainable household activity. Somewhere along the line, with the drive for simplicity and convenience, it’s become a lot more wasteful over the years.

Getting back to zero waste baking is really easy and won’t take much effort on your part or mine, but can have such a huge environmental impact.

The first rule in zero waste is to use what you’ve already got. Yes, stainless steel and glass are preferred over plastic, but if you’ve already got plastic items – use them. Going out and buying new items just to replace your plastic is counterintuitive and actually creates more waste.

The other main switch for eco baking is to ditch the single-use items that are completely throw-away. They may seem more handy, but they’re really unnecessary.


  1. Use what you’ve got before buying new
  2. Replace items as needed with glass, metal or silicone
  3. Ditch single-use items for reusables
  4. Use compostable items if you’ve got a compost system
  5. Buy ingredients in bulk if possible
  6. Buy ingredients in recyclable packaging
  7. Consider the amount of resources that go into creating items
  8. Consider how items can be disposed of at the end of their life

So, let us explore how we can all make the transition into a more eco-friendly way of baking in the kitchen.

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Zero Waste Baking Swaps


Margarine to Butter

Plastic Margarine Containers → Paper Wrapped Butter

Buy blocks of butter, rather than butter or margarine in plastic containers. Take the butter out of the paper and store it in your own container or reuse an old butter container.

If your butter comes in a box, throw the box into the recycling bin or burn it in the fireplace.

Hang onto the waxed paper pieces that butter usually come wrapped in. Wash them in warm, soapy water and stack them away in a drawer for your baking needs, or you can store them in a container in the fridge.


  • Baking tray liners – Use as a non-stick layer in the bottom of trays and pans when baking cakes, slices and muffins to prevent batter from sticking.
  • Greasing trays – Use the paper to spread butter or oil onto baking trays, instead of paper towel.
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Greasing the Tray

Greasing the tray

Spray Oil → Butter or Coconut Oil

Do away with the aerosol spray oil and grease your trays with a bit of butter or oil instead. Coconut oil is a good, solid oil for greasing trays with and works much the same as butter.

Unfortunately, compostable paper towel with grease or butter on it, can’t go into a home compost system. If oil or grease ends up in compost, it can force air out, welcoming in anaerobic bacteria, which will ruin the compost and make it smelly.


  • Unpaper towel – then rinse grease off under hot water & toss into the wash.
  • Butter wrapper – either use it to then line the bottom of the baking tray or rinse and reuse another day.
  • Old fabric scraps – Cut up old fabric into squares for greasing trays and wiping out greasy dishes. Rinse, wash and reuse.
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Cupcake Liners

Cupcake liner alternatives

Paper Liners → Silicone/ Metal Trays or Butter Wrappers

I know cupcake and muffin liners can look great (and reduce mess), especially when you’re serving up the cakes at a party or event, but they really are just more unnecessary paper waste.

Here are some cupcake liner alternatives for your zero waste baking.

Silicone Moulds
A great baking tool that doesn’t require greasing is silicone. Yes, it is still a plastic-type product, so metal is more sustainable in the long-term, but silicone can be used over and over again. You can get dedicated silicone muffin trays or go for individual silicone cupcake cups – all washable and reusable.

Metal Muffin Tray
Metal (particularly stainless steel) muffin trays are a great zero waste resource as they’re completely recyclable at the end of their life. Just grease each muffin slot with a bit of butter so that the batter doesn’t stick.

Metal Muffin Tray
Metal Muffin Tray (eBay) →

Butter Wrappers
Use your empty butter wrappers as muffin liners in your muffin trays. You can either store them in a container in the fridge until you’re ready to use them, or wash them and stack them in a drawer. Don’t forget that you can keep washing and reusing them for many times over.

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Baking Paper

Zero Waste Baking Paper Alternative

Baking Paper → Silicone Mat, Butter Wraps or Compostable Paper

People didn’t always used to use baking paper for their baking needs. Although it is great at making sure foods don’t stick to the dish or tray and does reduce the amount of clean-up, it’s essentially another paper product that we don’t need to use.

Luckily, there are some baking paper alternatives.

Silicone Baking Mat
A silicone baking mat can be used over and over again, but works the same as baking paper. They’re non-stick, washable and can retain high temperatures, making them totally safe to have sitting up against your food.

Silicone Baking Mat
Silicone Baking Mat (eBay) →

The age old method of greasing your pans and trays with a bit of butter or oil will stop any food or batter from sticking. You can use the empty butter wrapper or some unpaper towel to spread some butter instead of reaching for paper towel.

Compostable Baking Paper
If you’re still feeling the need for the occasional piece of baking paper and you have a compost bin, opt for a compostable baking paper. Make sure to read the packaging and make sure it’s suitable for home compost systems.

Compostable Baking Paper
Compostable Baking Paper (eBay) →

Butter Wrappers
As we’ve already touched on, you can wash your butter wrappers and use them to line your baking pans and muffin trays. They’re headed for landfill anyway, so you might as well give them a second life as a baking paper alternative.

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Cling Wrap

Zero Waste Cling Wrap Alternatives

Plastic Wrap → Reusable Wraps & Covers

I think we can all agree that plastic wrap is awful for the environment and will take hundreds of years to break down in the landfill hole.

If there’s only one thing you switch out in your zero waste baking efforts, make it cling wrap.

First of all, see if you can store the food in a container with a lid or throw a plate or tea towel over the dish to keep it fresh (and the flies off) before everyone is ready to eat.

Here are some more cling wrap alternatives…

Beeswax Wraps
For a versatile plastic wrap swap, get yourself a set of beeswax wraps. They’re basically pieces of fabric that have been coated in beeswax to lock in food freshness and moisture.

All you do is wrap the beeswax wrap over the dish or around the food that you want to store. The warmth of your hands will make the wrap pliable enough to mould it to whatever shape you need.

Beeswax Wraps
Beeswax Wraps (eBay) →

Silicone Food Covers
If you’re looking for a way to seal a bowl or pan, silicone food covers are the go. They create an airtight seal around any rim, just by placing it on top.

Silicone can withstand high heats, which means you can use these in the microwave or on top of a pot on the stove, to stop splashes and keep moisture in. Also great for sealing bowls and containers in the fridge.

Silicone Bowl Covers
Silicone Food Covers (eBay) →

Cloth Bowl Covers
Another plastic wrap alternative are fabric bowl covers, which have an elastic or drawstring edge to hold the cover over the bowl, nice and snug.

Bowl Covers
Cloth Bowl Covers (eBay) →

Reusable Food Pouches
There are many reusable and washable food bags, pockets and pouches available these days. They can be made from fabric (cotton, hemp or bamboo) or silicone. Perfect for storing small portions of food in.

Cloth Food Pouch
Reusable Food Pouches (eBay) →

Compostable Cling Wrap
If you still want something you can discard (although I recommend going for a mix of the reusable options) you can opt for a compostable cling wrap. Bear in mind, it’s only better than the plastic wrap if you actually have a home compost system to dispose of it correctly.

Some of the compostable cling wraps on the market are merely ‘greenwashing,’ so make sure you read the label and get one that’s suitable for a home compost. True compostable cling wraps are made from plant based materials, such as corn or sugar products.

Compostable Cling Wrap
Compostable Cling Wrap (eBay) →
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Paper Towel

Zero Waste Paper Towel

Paper Towel → Compostable or Unpaper Towel

Regular paper towel will eventually break down in landfill, but it will end up creating methane gas in the process. The other problem lies in the bleaches, additives and plastic wrap that all come with purchasing paper towels.

Another big consideration is that paper towels mostly come from logging virgin forests, wiping out natural habitats that have taken decades or even centuries to grow.

Although paper towel is paper, it can’t actually be recycled as the fibres are too short for them to be reused. So, paper towel inevitably ends up in landfill.

When it comes to zero waste paper towel options, there are a few to choose from, so let’s explore them.

Compostable Paper Towel
Any unbleached paper towel is generally compostable in your home compost. Note that the white paper towels from the supermarket have been bleached and won’t compost properly. Look for brown ‘compostable’ paper towels.

Bamboo Paper Towel
Bamboo paper towels are compostable as long as they don’t contain rayon (check the details on the packaging).

Bamboo Paper Towel
Bamboo Paper Towel (eBay) →

Recycled Paper Towel
The fibres that go into recycled paper towel include old clothing, newspapers and magazines, instead of cutting down virgin forests. Recycled paper towel isn’t compostable though, so it would still have to go into the trash.

Recycled Paper Towel
Recycled Paper Towel (eBay) →

Unpaper Towel
Basically, unpaper towels are a fabric version of paper towels. Therefore, you can rinse them, throw them into the washing machine and use over and over again. Great for cleaning up spills and mess, plus covering food in the microwave or fridge.

Unpaper Towels
Unpaper Towels (eBay) →

DIY Paper Towel
You can cut up old shirts, towels, sheets etc. into squares for your own DIY paper towels. They are easily rinsed and can be thrown in the wash with your other laundry.

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Zero Waste Baking Tips


Bulk Foods

If you have access to buying your baking ingredients from a bulk food store and can refill your own containers, all the better. Things like flour, sugar, chocolate, cocoa and some spices are often available in bulk.

For baking ingredients that you buy from the grocery store, look for items that are packaged in tins, jars, cardboard or paper. Often baking soda and flour come packed in cardboard boxes and paper bags.

Use your own fabric bags for fresh produce and say no to the plastic bags.

Don’t waste any of the food leftovers – eat them the next day and freeze up what you can.

Buying New Baking Tools

When it comes to replacing or adding new baking tools to your kitchen, see what you can pick up pre-loved before buying brand new. I’ve picked up some good quality 18/8 stainless steel pots and pans from thrift stores over the years (for a fraction of the price), which have replaced my cheap, crappy ones.

If you opt for buying brand new, go for glass and stainless steel over plastic. For utensils, look for wooden and stainless steel options.

Pots, Pans & Bakeware


When looking at pots, pans and bakeware, opt for quality stainless steel, cast iron, glass, silicone and ceramic items.


While silicone is a great alternative to disposable muffin cups and baking paper, it’s essentially still a plastic/ rubber hybrid product.

Silicone can be downcycled a few times much like plastic, but not usually through your local government’s waste facilities.

The jury (and long-term research) is still out on whether or not silicone leeches toxins into food at high temperatures, although the current studies don’t seem to share much concern.

You’ll notice that despite all of the above points, I’ve still recommended silicone throughout this post. That’s because although it can’t be recycled as readily at the end of it’s life, silicone is still a fantastic product that eliminates disposables, can take high temperatures and is non-stick.

If you’re not sure on silicone, I’d recommend doing some research to come to your own comfortable conclusion.


There’s a reason chefs and restaurants all use food grade stainless steel. Here are some great pros for stainless steel.

  • Buy once, use forever
  • Won’t bow in high temperatures
  • Doesn’t need non-stick coating
  • Rust resistant
  • Can be recycled
  • Very hygienic
  • Easy to clean

What to do with Old Baking Tools?

If your old baking tools still have some life left in them, pass them along to someone else or donate them (think thrift stores, local charities, schools, kindergartens etc.).

For items that are broken or beyond being useful, check you local council’s website to see what can go into your recycle bin. Interestingly, oven proof glass dishes cannot be recycled in some areas, so it’s worth finding out before you sort your rubbish.

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Zero Waste Baking Storage

Cookies in a jar

For zero waste baking storage, avoid disposable bags and wraps and opt for reusables that can be washed out and used over and over again.

Use whatever containers you’ve already got on hand. If you’re looking for something of a different size, shape or material, check out the thrift stores and second hand market to see what you can find.

The best zero waste baking storage option is the one that you’ve already got.

Always rinse out sauce and food jars and repurpose them as storage vessels. Not only are they great for leftovers and for storing food from packets, they are also great for pantry organisation. You can also use glass jars for buttons, ribbons, rubber bands etc. Everything always looks better in glass jars!

Wrap your food up in beeswax wraps or use to seal off open cheeses and fruits etc. Another idea is to store food in a nice baking dish, then cover the dish with a beeswax wrap to keep it fresh.

There are many different reusable food pockets, pouches and bags around these days. They’re often made from fabric, silicone or plastic. They make great snack bags that can be washed and used many times over. The best choice would be fabric pouches.

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Zero Waste Baking PIN
Zero Waste Baking PIN
Zero Waste Baking PIN

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